Syntactic definitions

From Icelandic Parsed Historical Corpus (IcePaHC)
Jump to: navigation, search

(Adger 2003; Hornstein, Nunes, and Grohman 2005)


Agree

An uninterpretable feature F on a syntactic object Y is checked when Y is in a c-command relation with another syntactic object Z which bears a matching feature F.


Binding Theory

(i) Principle A: If α is an anaphor, interpret it as coreferential with a c-commandin phrase in its domain.

(ii) Principle B: If β is a pronoun, interpret it as disjoint from every c-commanding phrase in its domain.

(iii) Principle C: If α is an R-expression, interpret it as disjoint from every c-commanding phrase.


C-Command

α c-commands β iff

(i) α is a sister of β or

(ii) α is a sister of γ and γ dominates β.


The Checking requirement

Uninterpretable features must be checked, and once checked, they can delete.


Equidistance

If two positions α and β are in the same MinD, they are equidistant from any other position


Extension Condition

Application of Merge can only target root syntactic objects.


Extended Minimal Domain

The MinD of a chain formed by adjoining the head Y to the head X is the union of MinD(Y) and MinD(X), excluding projections of Y.


Inclusiveness Condition

The LF object λ must be built only from the features of the lexicals items of N.


Intermediate Projection: X'

An intermediate projection is a syntactic object that is neither an X nor an XP.


Last Resort

A movement operation is licensed only if it allows the elimination of [-interpretable] formal features.


Linear Correspondance Axiom (LCA)

A lexical item α precedes a lexical item β iff

(i) α asymmetrically c-commands β or

(ii) an XP dominating α asymmetrically c-commands β.


Maximal Projection: XP

A maximal projection is a syntactic object that doesn't project.


Minimal Domain of α (MinD(α))

The set of categories immediately contained or immediately dominated by projections of the head α, excluding projections of α.


Minimal Projection: X

A minimal projection is a lexical item selected from the numeration.


The NPI Generalization

NPIs (negative polarity items) must be c-commanded by a negative element.


Phase Impenetrability Condition (PIC)

In a phase α with head H, the domain of H is not accessible to operations outside α, only H and its edge are accessible to such operations.


Predicate-Internal Subject Hypothesis (PISH)

The thematic subject is base-generated inside the predicate.


Preference Principle

Try to minimize the restriction in the operator position.


The Reflexive Generalization

A reflexive must be coreferential with a preceding expression.


Theta-Role Assignment Principle (TRAP)

θ-roles can only be assigned under a Merge operation.


Uniformity Condition

The operations available in the covert component must be the same ones available in overt syntax.


Uniformity of θ-Assignment Hypothesis (UTAH)

Identical thematic relationships between predicates and their arguments are represented syntactically by identical structural relationships when items are Merged.