CP-QUE

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Just as in PPCME2,PPCEME.

Direct and indirect questions are parsed CP-QUE. A complementizer position not included if a question exhibits subject-verb inversion (verb fronting to C). A C-position is thus usually not included in direct questions, but included in indirect questions.

Indirect questions

( (IP-MAT-SPE (NP-SBJ (PRO-N Ég-ég))
	      (MDPI mun-munu)
	      (VB segja-segja)
	      (NP-OB2 (PRO-D þér-þú))
	      (NP-OB1 (PRO-A það-það)
		      (CP-THT-SPE-PRN (C er-er)
				      (IP-SUB-SPE (NP-SBJ (PRO-N þú-þú))
						  (VBPI spyrð-spyrja)
						  (CP-QUE-SPE (WPP-1 (P um-um)
								     (WNP (WD-A hverja-hver) (N-A konu-kona)))
							      (C 0)
							      (IP-SUB-SPE (PP *T*-1)
									  (NP-SBJ (PRO-N ég-ég))
									  (VBPS yrkja-yrkja))))))))

Example with WPRO:

( (IP-MAT (CONJ en-en)
	  (NEG eigi-eigi)
	  (VBPI vitum-vita)
	  (NP-SBJ (PRO-N vér-ég))
	  (, ,-,)
	  (CP-QUE (WNP-1 (WPRO-N hvað-hver))
		  (C 0)
		  (IP-SUB (NP-SBJ *T*-1)
			  (VBPI veldur-valda)))
	  (. .-.))
  (ID PILTUR,.7))

Example with WADV:

	  (IP-INF (TO að-að)
		  (VB-TA segja-segja)
		  (, ,-,)
		  (CP-QUE (WADVP-1 (WADV hvar-hvar))
			  (C 0)
			  (IP-SUB (NP-SBJ (PRO-PFSN hún-hún))
				  (BED-IA3SD var-vera)
				  (PP (P-A í-í)
				      (NP (N-MSADC heim$-heimur) (D $inn-hinn)))
				  (VAN-DAFSN borin-bera))))

Example with WQ:

HVORT meaning "whether" and introducing an indirect question.

( (IP-MAT-SPE (NP-SBJ (PRO-N ég-ég))
	      (VBPI veit-vita)
	      (NEG ekki-ekki)
	      (, ,-,)
	      (CP-QUE-SPE (WNP (WQ hvort-hvort))
			  (C 0)
			  (IP-SUB-SPE (NP-SBJ (PRO-N þið-þú))
				      (VBPI kannist-kanna)
				      (PP (P við-við)
					  (NP (PRO-A það-það)))))
	      (. ;-;))
  (ID PILTUR,.1305))

Note that in cases where the clause is ambiguous between a CP-QUE and CP-FRL, CP-QUE is the default.


EF

When EF 'if' heads a question, it is tagged WQ. Whether or not a complementizer position is filled, it is always included:

				      (CONJP (CONJ og-og)
					     (IP-SUB (NP-SBJ *con*)
						     (VBDI spurðu-spyrja)
						     (, ,-,)
						     (CP-QUE (WQ ef-ef)
							     (C 0)
							     (IP-SUB (NP-SBJ (PRO-N hann-hann))
								     (BEDS væri-vera)
								     (NP-PRD (NPR-N Kristur-kristur)))))))))
	  (. .-.))
  (ID HOMILIUBOK,.217))

Direct questions

( (CP-QUE-SPE (IP-SUB-SPE (VBPI Heldur$-halda)
			  (NP-SBJ (PRO-N $ðu-þú))
			  (, ,-,)
			  (NP-VOC (N-N fóstri-fóstri)
				  (NP-POS (PRO-N minn-minn)))
			  (, ,-,)
			  (CP-THT-SPE (C að-að)
				      (IP-SUB-SPE (NP-SBJ (PRO-N það-það))
						  (MDDS gæti-geta)
						  (VBN tekist-taka)))
			  (. ?-?)))
( (IP-MAT (CONJ og-og)
	  (NP-SBJ *con*)
	  (VBDI mælti-mæla)
	  (ADVP (ADV svo-svo))
	  (, .-.)
	  (CP-QUE-SPE (WNP (WQ hvort-hvor))
		      (IP-SUB-SPE (BEPI eru-vera)
				  (NP-SBJ (PRO-N þeir-hann)
					  (NP-PRN (NPR-A Steinar-steinar) (CONJ og-og) (NPR-N Önundur-önundur))
					  (NP-PRN *ICH*-1))
				  (ADVP (ADV hér-hér))
				  (NP-PRN-1 (NS-N feðgar-feðgar))

Direct questions with expletive subject

( (CP-QUE-SPE (IP-SUB-SPE (NP-SBJ *exp*)
			  (BEPI Er-vera)
			  (NEG ekki-ekki)
			  (ADVP (ADV svo-svo)))
	      (. ?-?)
	      (" ")))

Direct questions without inversion

Adverbial WHETHER questions (CP-QUE-ADV)

See PPCEME guidelines.

HVORT SEM (see also HVORT SEM ER)

Fragment questions

Fragment questions like "What about John?" are not parsed as CP-QUE but FRAG or QTP.

( (FRAG (WNP (WPRO-N Hvað-hver))
	(PP (P um-um)
	    (NP (Q-A alla-allur) (D-A þá-sá)))
	(PP (ADV þarna-þarna)
	    (P á-á)
	    (NP (N-D spítala$-spítali) (D-D $num-hinn)))
	(. ?-?))
  (ID 1985.MARGSAGA.NAR-FIC,.95))